Osteoporosis prevention and  exercise

Posted on December 2, 2017 by admin
In Medical
Osteoporosis   can be  treated  with  medication ,  adequate   Vit D  and Calcium  in the diet .               Exercise   can  delay  the onset of  osteoporosis Appropriate  vigorous exercise includes :- Basketball, netball, impact aerobics, dancing, gymnastics , tennis  and skipping Moderate    benefit  can be derived from Running, jogging , brisk walking , walking  hills, resistance training and stair climbing  

Altitude sickness

Posted on November 3, 2017 by admin
In Medical
  Destinations above 2500 metres may expose the traveler to possible altitude sickness by reducing the amount of inspired oxygen. Presenting symptoms may include headache, faintness or giddiness, breathlessness, nausea, vomiting or reduced exercise tolerance. Symptoms often present within 36 hours but may appear at a few days. Previous altitude sickness increase the risk of recurrence.   Ascents greater than 500 metres / day above 3000 metres increase the likelihood of altitude sickness. A rest day every 3-4 days   is recommended to assist acclimatization. Spending 2 nights at high altitudes in the 30 days preceding, before ascending further is beneficial....read more

Soft tissue injuries- ankles

Posted on October 2, 2017 by admin
In Medical
Most   ankle injuries are soft tissue damage diagnosed at clinical examination. X-Ray / Ultrasound/MRI   are only required if a fracture joint disruption or arthritis is suspected.   Initial treatment – usually for the first 8 hours R est I ce  - icepacks (wrap in cloth) 20 minutes 2 hourly during waking hours C ompression firmly bandage the injured part E legate the injured part   Avoid the following HARM in the first few days after injury No Heat, No Alcohol, No Running No Massage

Some pharmacological interactions between herbal preparations and prescribed medication

Posted on September 2, 2017 by admin
In Medical
Reported pharmacological interactions of common herbal preparations with prescription medication from Medical Journal of Australia Feb 2017   St John’s Wort interferes with cyclosporine used to maintain transplants leading to rejection causes intermenstrual bleeding  for women using the oral contraceptive reduces effectiveness of warfarin reduces bioavailability of theophylline , amitriptyline,, methadone, digoxin potentiates side effects of tricyclic and SSRI antidepressants   Asian Ginseng reduces effectiveness of immunosuppressive drugs increases effects of oral hypoglycaemic ( diabetes ) drugs increases side effects of MAOI antidepressants has accumulative effect on benzodiazepines ( Valium, Serepax)   Garlic increases liver toxicity of paracetamol increases effects...read more

Dry Mouth

Posted on August 3, 2017 by admin
In Medical
  Dry mouth may present  as  mucous  surface  discomfort in the mouth  , burning sensation or pain on the lips  or mouth, “ bad “ taste , halitosis, denture discomfort and  eating  discomfort. Sufferers may have  a higher  risk of dental caries , dental erosion oral infection and  loss of teeth. Causes can be  medication side effects form including  some  prescription medications, anti- cholinergics , antihistamines and  sedatives . Age , diabetes  and  underlying auto immune  diseases may also be a cause of dry mouth.   Treatment is  to review for  underlying  dental disease , illness and  medication side effects....read more