A common recessively inherited blood disorder resulting in excess iron in the body due to increased absorbtion from the intestine. An incidence of about 1 in 200.
May be manifested by the following symptoms –
- Fatigue and lethargy
- Cirrhosis of liver
- Liver cancer
- Skin pigmentation
- Testicular failure
- Diabetes mellitus
Diagnosis is usually by a combination of blood film , iron studies and gene testing.
Treatment is usually by venesection – draining off excess blood