Scientific studies over 7 years extending from pre – menopause to 4 years post menopause confirm the tendency to modest weight gain in association with hormonal changes.. Subsequent trials have demonstrated that modest lifestyle intervention can contain or reduce the weight gain to a minimum over 5 year trials post onset of menopause. This could be achieved by maintaining a diet of 1300 kcal/day and an increase in energy expenditure 1000-1500 kcal/week more than their usual energy expenditure. Diets with an emphasis on increased protein and lower carbohydrate and fats were useful.
Women who were already overweight prior to menopause were more likely to have menopausal weight gain.