Symptoms of heat-related illness
Babies and young children may show signs of restlessness or irritability and have fewer wet nappies. Older people may become lightheaded, confused, weak or faint.
Some heat-related illness and common symptoms include:
Heat cramps – muscle pains or spasms Dizziness & fainting
Heat exhaustion –a serious condition that can develop into heat stroke Signs may include paleness and sweating, rapid heart rate, muscle cramps headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness or fainting.
Treatment for heat cramps includes:
Stop activity and sit quietly in a cool place. Increase fluid intake. Rest a few hours before returning to activity.
Treatment for heat exhaustion includes:
Get the person to a cool area and lay them down.
Remove outer clothing.
Wet skin with cool water or wet cloths.
Increase fluid intake if they are fully conscious.
Preventive treatment for heat related illness
Keep up your fluids – you need to drink more during hot weather, regardless of how active you are. Do not wait until you are thirsty to drink. Drink plenty of water or other cool, non-alcoholic fluids. Avoid alcohol or drinks that contain lots of sugar. Don’t have extremely cold liquids, as they may cause stomach cramps.
Avoid exposure to heat – stay out of the sun as much as you can,
Shade yourself – if you must be outdoors, remember to protect yourself from the sun – ‘slip, slop, slap’
Limit physical activity
Don’t leave children or pets in cars
Stay cool – and keep air circulating around you. Take a cool shower, bath or sponge bath.
Keep your energy levels up – eat regular, light meals.
Attend see you doctor , attend nearest hospital A&E or call an ambulance if no improvement or deterioration in conscious state